Charles Dominey

CG Jung

JungCarl Gustav Jung was, along with Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, one of the founders of modern Depth Psychology, and is one of the greatest thinkers of the last or any other century. He is best known for the discovery and elucidation of an impersonal psychic realm he calls the "Collective Unconscious." 

His first efforts to understand the world of unconscious contents were as a beginning psychiatrist at the Burgholzli mental hospital in Zurich where he encountered them on a daily basis as the products of psychic disintegration in the hallucinations, delusions, and other symptoms of the mentally ill.   During his stay there he demonstrated experimentally for the first time the existence of these contents, which he named "complexes," not only in the insane but also in normal people, through the use of the technique of word association, wherein they appear as  involuntary affect-laden factors which disturb normal consciousness. 

He subsequently identified and described the role they play in dreams and the symptoms of neurosis, and in the projections of archaic as well as modern people. Jungian Analysis begins with the recognition and integration of these disturbing factors resulting  in an increase in self awareness and corresponding liberation from their affectivity and involuntary influence.

  He went on to describe and develop a theory of Psychological Types by which the individual can find his or her own proper orientation to life, but it was the study of the world wide recurrence of typical motifs in mythology, the symbolism of religion, and especially alchemy which led him to conclude that there was an even deeper layer of the unconscious the contents of which were not in any way personal.  He calls these contents "archetypes." In his late work he developed the principle of synchronicity to account for the phenomena of acausal orderedness as a complement to causality thus rounding out the Western view of reality.

Briefly described,  Jungian therapy consists of identifying and disolving complexes, projections and fixations, thus freeing up psychic energy for the expansion of personality and awareness, and finding one's orientation to both inner and outer reality through psychological type.  In later life, analysis assists what Jung calls the process of individuation, the psychic analog of other transformative processes in nature whereby the potentialities and particularities of the personality are sequentially unfolded, and  the conscious and unconscious elements brought together in an ongoing relationship to a central element he calls the Self. 

From The Writings of C.G. Jung

"Psychic existence is the only category of existence of which we have immediate knowledge, since nothing can be known unless it first appears as a psychic image.  Only psychic existence is immediately verifiable.  To the extent that the world does not assume the form of a psychic image, it is virtually nonexistent."

From Volume 11 of the Collected Works of C.G. Jung:

Psychology And Religion: West And East (Paragraph 769)